14 January 2014

Congressional Elections compared to Presidential Terms, 1855-present





Senate Senate Senate Senate Senate



HOR HOR HOR HOR HOR






President Term Congress Years Total Dems Reps Others Vacant Margin Swing Swing %
Total Dems Reps Others Vacant Margin Swing Swing % Years Congress Term President
Pierce (D) 1st – mid-term 34th 1855–1857 62 42 15 5 D +27 ---

234 83 108 43 R +25 ---
1855–1857 34th 1st – mid-term Pierce (D)
Buchanan (D) 1st 35th 1857–1859 64 39 20 5 D +19 R +8 12,50%
237 131 92 14 D +39 D +64 27,00% 1857–1859 35th 1st Buchanan (D)
Buchanan (D) 1st – mid-term 36th 1859–1861 66 38 26 2 D +12 R +7 10,61%
237 101 113 23 R +12 R +51 21,52% 1859–1861 36th 1st – mid-term Buchanan (D)
Lincoln (R) 1st 37th 1861–1863 50 11 31 7 1 R +20 R +22 44,00%
178 42 106 28 2 R +64 R +52 29,21% 1861–1863 37th 1st Lincoln (R)
Lincoln (R) 1st – mid-term 38th 1863–1865 51 12 39 R +27 R +7 13,73%
183 80 103 R +23 D +41 22,40% 1863–1865 38th 1st – mid-term Lincoln (R)
Lincoln (R) / Johnson (R) 2nd 39th 1865–1867 52 10 42 R +32 R +5 9,62%
191 46 145 R +99 R +76 39,79% 1865–1867 39th 2nd Lincoln (R) / Johnson (R)
Johnson (R) (2nd) – mid-term 40th 1867–1869 53 11 42 R +31 D +1 1,89%
193 49 143 1 R +94 D +5 2,59% 1867–1869 40th (2nd) – mid-term Johnson (R)
Grant (R) 1st 41st 1869–1871 74 11 61 2 R +50 R +19 25,68%
243 73 170 R +97 R +3 1,23% 1869–1871 41st 1st Grant (R)
Grant (R) 1st – mid-term 42nd 1871–1873 74 17 57 R +40 D +10 13,51%
243 104 139 R +35 D +62 25,51% 1871–1873 42nd 1st – mid-term Grant (R)
Grant (R) 2nd 43rd 1873–1875 74 19 54 1 R +25 D +15 20,27%
293 88 203 2 R +115 R +80 27,30% 1873–1875 43rd 2nd Grant (R)
Grant (R) 2nd – mid-term 44th 1875–1877 76 29 46 1 R +17 D +8 10,53%
293 181 107 3 2 D +74 D +199 67,92% 1875–1877 44th 2nd – mid-term Grant (R)
Hayes (R) 1st 45th 1877–1879 76 36 39 1 R +3 D +15 19,74%
293 156 137 D +19 R +55 18,77% 1877–1879 45th 1st Hayes (R)
Hayes (R) 1st – mid-term 46th 1879–1881 76 43 33 D +10 D +13 17,11%
293 150 128 14 1 D +22 D +3 1,02% 1879–1881 46th 1st – mid-term Hayes (R)
Garfied (R) / Arthur (R) 1st 47th 1881–1883 76 37 37 2 TIE R +5 6,58%
293 130 152 11 R +22 R +44 15,02% 1881–1883 47th 1st Garfied (R) / Arthur (R)
Arthur (R) (1st) – mid-term 48th 1883–1885 76 36 40 R +4 R +4 5,26%
325 200 119 6 D +81 D +103 31,69% 1883–1885 48th (1st) – mid-term Arthur (R)
Cleveland (D) 1st 49th 1885–1887 76 34 41 1 R +7 R +3 3,95%
325 182 140 2 1 D +42 R +39 12,00% 1885–1887 49th 1st Cleveland (D)
Cleveland (D) 1st – mid-term 50th 1887–1889 76 37 39 R +2 D +5 6,58%
325 170 151 4 D +21 R +21 6,46% 1887–1889 50th 1st – mid-term Cleveland (D)
B. Harrison (R) 1st 51st 1889–1891 84 37 47 R +10 R +8 9,52%
330 156 173 1 R +17 R +38 11,52% 1889–1891 51st 1st B. Harrison (R)
B. Harrison (R) 1st – mid-term 52nd 1891–1893 88 39 47 2 R +8 D +2 2,27%
333 231 88 14 D +143 D +160 48,05% 1891–1893 52nd 1st – mid-term B. Harrison (R)
Cleveland (D) 2nd 53rd 1893–1895 88 44 38 3 3 D +6 D +14 15,91%
356 220 126 10 D +94 R +49 13,76% 1893–1895 53rd 2nd Cleveland (D)
Cleveland (D) 2nd – mid-term 54th 1895–1897 88 39 44 5 R +5 R +11 12,50%
357 104 246 7 R +142 R +136 38,10% 1895–1897 54th 2nd – mid-term Cleveland (D)
McKinley (R) 1st 55th 1897–1899 90 34 46 10 R +12 R +7 7,78%
357 134 206 16 1 R +72 D +70 19,61% 1897–1899 55th 1st McKinley (R)
McKinley (R) 1st – mid-term 56th 1899–1901 90 26 53 11 R +27 R +15 16,67%
357 163 185 9 R +22 D +50 14,01% 1899–1901 56th 1st – mid-term McKinley (R)
McKinley (R) / Roosevelt (R) 2nd (1st -TR) 57th 1901–1903 90 29 56 3 2 R +27 no change 0,00%
357 153 198 5 1 R +45 R +23 6,44% 1901–1903 57th 2nd (1st -TR) McKinley (R) / Roosevelt (R)
Roosevelt (R) 2nd – mid-term 58th 1903–1905 90 32 58 R +26 D +1 1,11%
386 178 207 1 R +29 D +16 4,15% 1903–1905 58th 2nd – mid-term Roosevelt (R)
Roosevelt (R) 2nd 59th 1905–1907 90 32 58 R +26 no change 0,00%
386 136 250 R +114 R +85 22,02% 1905–1907 59th 2nd Roosevelt (R)
Roosevelt (R) 2nd – mid-term 60th 1907–1909 92 29 61 2 R +32 R +6 6,52%
386 164 222 R +58 D +56 14,51% 1907–1909 60th 2nd – mid-term Roosevelt (R)
Taft (R) 1st 61st 1909–1911 92 32 59 1 R +27 D +5 5,43%
391 172 219 R +47 D +11 2,81% 1909–1911 61st 1st Taft (R)
Taft (R) 1st – mid-term 62nd 1911–1913 92 42 49 1 R +7 D +20 21,74%
391 228 162 1 D +66 D +113 28,90% 1911–1913 62nd 1st – mid-term Taft (R)
Wilson (D) 1st 63rd 1913–1915 96 51 44 1 D +7 D +14 14,58%
435 290 127 18 D +163 D +97 22,30% 1913–1915 63rd 1st Wilson (D)
Wilson (D) 1st – mid-term 64th 1915–1917 96 56 39 1 D +17 D +10 10,42%
435 231 193 8 3 D +38 R +125 28,74% 1915–1917 64th 1st – mid-term Wilson (D)
Wilson (D) 2nd 65th 1917–1919 96 53 42 1 D +11 R +6 6,25%
435 2101 216 9 R +6 R +44 10,11% 1917–1919 65th 2nd Wilson (D)
Wilson (D) 2nd – mid-term 66th 1919–1921 96 47 48 1 R +1 R +12 12,50%
435 191 237 7 R +46 R +40 9,20% 1919–1921 66th 2nd – mid-term Wilson (D)
Harding (R) 1st 67th 1921–1923 96 37 59 R +22 R +21 21,88%
435 132 300 1 2 R +168 R +122 28,05% 1921–1923 67th 1st Harding (R)
Harding (R) / Coolidge (R) 1st – mid-term 68th 1923–1925 96 43 51 2 R +8 D +14 14,58%
435 207 225 3 R +18 D +150 34,48% 1923–1925 68th 1st – mid-term Harding (R) / Coolidge (R)
Coolidge (R) 1st 69th 1925–1927 96 40 54 1 1 R +14 R +6 6,25%
435 183 247 5 R +64 R +45 10,34% 1925–1927 69th 1st Coolidge (R)
Coolidge (R) 1st – mid-term 70th 1927–1929 96 47 48 1 R +1 D +13 13,54%
435 195 237 3 R +42 D +22 5,06% 1927–1929 70th 1st – mid-term Coolidge (R)
Hoover (R) 1st 71st 1929–1931 96 39 56 1 R +27 R +26 27,08%
435 163 267 1 4 R +104 R +62 14,25% 1929–1931 71st 1st Hoover (R)
Hoover (R) 1st – mid-term 72nd 1931–1933 96 47 48 1 R +1 D +26 27,08%
435 216 218 1 R +2 D +102 23,45% 1931–1933 72nd 1st – mid-term Hoover (R)
F. Roosevelt (D) 1st 73rd 1933–1935 96 59 36 1 D +23 D +24 25,00%
435 313 117 5 D +196 D +198 45,52% 1933–1935 73rd 1st F. Roosevelt (D)
F. Roosevelt (D) 1st – mid-term 74th 1935–1937 96 69 25 2 D +44 D +23 23,96%
435 322 103 10 D +219 D +23 5,29% 1935–1937 74th 1st – mid-term F. Roosevelt (D)
F. Roosevelt (D) 2nd 75th 1937–1939 96 75 17 4 D +58 D +14 14,58%
435 333 89 13 D +244 D +25 5,75% 1937–1939 75th 2nd F. Roosevelt (D)
F. Roosevelt (D) 2nd – mid-term 76th 1939–1941 96 69 23 4 D +46 R +12 12,50%
435 262 169 4 D +93 R +151 34,71% 1939–1941 76th 2nd – mid-term F. Roosevelt (D)
F. Roosevelt (D) 3rd 77th 1941–1943 96 66 28 2 D +38 R +8 8,33%
435 267 162 6 D +105 D +12 2,76% 1941–1943 77th 3rd F. Roosevelt (D)
F. Roosevelt (D) 3rd – mid-term 78th 1943–1945 96 57 38 1 D +19 R +19 19,79%
435 222 209 4 D +13 R +92 21,15% 1943–1945 78th 3rd – mid-term F. Roosevelt (D)
F. Roosevelt (D) / Truman (D) (4th) / (1st) 79th 1945–1947 96 57 38 1 D +19 no change 0,00%
435 243 190 2 D +53 D +40 9,20% 1945–1947 79th (4th) / (1st) F. Roosevelt (D) / Truman (D)
Truman (D) 1st – mid-term 80th 1947–1949 96 45 51 R +6 R +27 28,13%
435 188 246 1 R +58 R +111 25,52% 1947–1949 80th 1st – mid-term Truman (D)
Truman (D) 2nd 81st 1949–1951 96 54 42 D +12 D +18 18,75%
435 263 171 1 D +92 D +150 34,48% 1949–1951 81st 2nd Truman (D)
Truman (D) 2nd – mid-term 82nd 1951–1953 96 48 47 1 D +1 R +11 11,46%
435 234 199 2 D +35 R +57 13,10% 1951–1953 82nd 2nd – mid-term Truman (D)
Eisenhower (R) 1st 83rd 1953–1955 96 46 48 2 R +2 R +3 3,13%
435 213 221 1 R +8 R +43 9,89% 1953–1955 83rd 1st Eisenhower (R)
Eisenhower (R) 1st – mid-term 84th 1955–1957 96 48 47 1 D +1 D +3 3,13%
435 232 203 D +29 D +37 8,51% 1955–1957 84th 1st – mid-term Eisenhower (R)
Eisenhower (R) 2nd 85th 1957–1959 96 49 47 D +2 D +1 1,04%
435 234 201 D +33 D +40 9,20% 1957–1959 85th 2nd Eisenhower (R)
Eisenhower (R) 2nd – mid-term 86th 1959–1961 98 64 34 D +30 D +29 29,59%
4363 283 153 D +130 D +97 2,22% 1959–1961 86th 2nd – mid-term Eisenhower (R)
Kennedy (D) 1st 87th 1961–1963 100 64 36 D +28 R +2 2,00%
4374 262 175 D +87 R +43 0,98% 1961–1963 87th 1st Kennedy (D)
Kennedy (D) / Johnson (D) 1st – mid-term 88th 1963–1965 100 67 33 D +34 D +6 6,00%
435 258 176 1 D +82 R +5 1,15% 1963–1965 88th 1st – mid-term Kennedy (D) / Johnson (D)
Johnson (D) 1st 89th 1965–1967 100 68 32 D +36 D +2 2,00%
435 295 140 D +155 D +73 16,78% 1965–1967 89th 1st Johnson (D)
Johnson (D) 1st – mid-term 90th 1967–1969 100 64 36 D +28 R +8 8,00%
435 248 187 D +61 R +94 21,61% 1967–1969 90th 1st – mid-term Johnson (D)
Nixon (R) 1st 91st 1969–1971 100 58 42 D +16 R +12 12,00%
435 243 192 D +51 R +10 2,30% 1969–1971 91st 1st Nixon (R)
Nixon (R) 1st – mid-term 92nd 1971–1973 100 54 44 2 D +8 R +8 8,00%
435 255 180 D +75 D +24 5,52% 1971–1973 92nd 1st – mid-term Nixon (R)
Nixon (R) / Ford (R) 2nd 93rd 1973–1975 100 56 42 2 D +14 D +6 6,00%
435 242 192 1 D +50 R +25 5,75% 1973–1975 93rd 2nd Nixon (R) / Ford (R)
Ford (R) (2nd) – mid-term 94th 1975–1977 100 61 37 2 D +24 D +10 10,00%
435 291 144 D +147 D +97 22,30% 1975–1977 94th (2nd) – mid-term Ford (R)
Carter (D) 1st 95th 1977–1979 100 61 38 1 D +23 R +1 1,00%
435 292 143 D +149 D +2 0,46% 1977–1979 95th 1st Carter (D)
Carter (D) 1st – mid-term 96th 1979–1981 100 58 41 1 D +17 R +6 6,00%
435 277 158 D +119 R +30 6,90% 1979–1981 96th 1st – mid-term Carter (D)
Reagan (R) 1st 97th 1981–1983 100 46 53 1 R +7 R +24 24,00%
435 242 192 1 D +50 R +69 15,86% 1981–1983 97th 1st Reagan (R)
Reagan (R) 1st – mid-term 98th 1983–1985 100 46 54 R +9 R +2 2,00%
435 269 166 D +103 D +53 12,18% 1983–1985 98th 1st – mid-term Reagan (R)
Reagan (R) 2nd 99th 1985–1987 100 47 53 R +6 D +3 3,00%
435 253 182 D +71 R +32 7,36% 1985–1987 99th 2nd Reagan (R)
Reagan (R) 2nd – mid-term 100th 1987–1989 100 55 45 D +10 D +16 16,00%
435 258 177 D +81 D +10 2,30% 1987–1989 100th 2nd – mid-term Reagan (R)
Bush „41“ (R) 1st 101st 1989–1991 100 55 45 D +10 unchanged 0,00%
435 260 175 D +85 D +4 0,92% 1989–1991 101st 1st Bush „41“ (R)
Bush „41“ (R) 1st – mid-term 102nd 1991–1993 100 56 44 D +12 D +2 2,00%
435 267 167 1 D +100 D +15 3,45% 1991–1993 102nd 1st – mid-term Bush „41“ (R)
Clinton (D) 1st 103rd 1993–1995 100 57 43 D +14 D +2 2,00%
435 258 176 1 D +82 R +18 4,14% 1993–1995 103rd 1st Clinton (D)
Clinton (D) 1st – mid-term 104th 1995–1997 100 48 52 R +4 R +18 18,00%
435 204 230 1 R +26 R +108 24,83% 1995–1997 104th 1st – mid-term Clinton (D)
Clinton (D) 2nd 105th 1997–1999 100 45 55 R +10 R +6 8,00%
435 207 226 2 R +19 D +7 1,61% 1997–1999 105th 2nd Clinton (D)
Clinton (D) 2nd – mid-term 106th 1999–2001 100 45 55 R +10 unchanged 0,00%
435 211 223 1 R +12 D +7 1,61% 1999–2001 106th 2nd – mid-term Clinton (D)
Bush „43“ (R) 1st 107th 2001–2003 100 50 50 Tie D +10 10,00%
435 212 221 2 R +9 D +3 0,69% 2001–2003 107th 1st Bush „43“ (R)
Bush „43“ (R) 1st – mid-term 108th 2003–2005 100 48 51 1 R +3 R +3 3,00%
435 205 229 1 R +24 R +15 3,45% 2003–2005 108th 1st – mid-term Bush „43“ (R)
Bush „43“ (R) 2nd 109th 2005–2007 100 44 55 1 R +10 R +7 7,00%
435 202 231 1 1 R +29 R +5 1,15% 2005–2007 109th 2nd Bush „43“ (R)
Bush „43“ (R) 2nd – mid-term 110th 2007–2009 100 49 49 2 Tie D +7 7,00%
435 233 198 4 D +35 D +64 14,71% 2007–2009 110th 2nd – mid-term Bush „43“ (R)
Obama (D) 1st 111th 2009–2011 100 57 41 2 2 D +16 D +9 9,00%
435 256 178 1 D +78 D +43 9,89% 2009–2011 111th 1st Obama (D)
Obama (D) 1st – mid-term 112th 2011–2013 100 51 47 2 D +4 R +12 12,00%
435 193 242 R +49 R +127 29,20% 2011–2013 112th 1st – mid-term Obama (D)
Obama (D) 2nd 113th 2013–2015 100 54 45 1 D +9 D +5 5,00%
435 201 234 R +33 D +16 3,68% 2013–2015 113th 2nd Obama (D)
Obama (D) 2nd – mid-term 114th 2015-2017 100 ?? ??













2015-2017 114th 2nd – mid-term Obama (D)